To respond to top leader’s urge on the ecological protection of mangroves and study the policy and regulatory system for the supervision and management of mangrove ecological protection, the Ministry of Ecological Environment organized a national thematic study. And the research in Guangxi was conducted in April 10-12, 2019.
Six officials of the Ministry of Ecological Environment and fourteen delegates from Department of Ecological Environment of Guangxi, Law and order Committee of Autonomous Region People’s Congress, Guangxi Forestry Bureau, Guangxi Oceanic Administration, Nature Reserves and expert group participated in the research symposium in the morning of April 11. Prof. Fan Hangqing of our center was invited to attend the symposium. The Ministry of Natural Resources oversees planning and implementation of eco-restoring project and the Ministry of Ecological Environment is responsible for the supervision and management of eco-restoring project. Regarding the issues of supervision and management, Prof. Fan Hangqing made the following proposals:
（1）Develop more effective scientific monitoring and evaluation methods
Monitoring and assessment of eco-environment is essential for its management and legislation. Indicators used in monitoring should be carefully selected and protocols standardized to simplify and facilitate monitoring and evaluation to ensure the results are comparable and reliable.
（2）Establish an expert steering committee system for ecological restoration
Ecological restoration is different from afforestation and garden construction. However, ecological experts are usually excluded by the access system of construction engineering to play their roles in planning ecological restoration project, so as to result in unsuccessful ecological construction. Dr. Fan suggested to establish a steering committee of experts on ecological restoration to solve the institutional bottleneck of experts’ participation in ecological restoration planning. The committee will provide technical support for government decision-making in the areas of top-level planning of ecological concept, monitoring and ecological conformity assessment.
（3）Ecological restoration is a high-level economic construction
Lucid waters and lush mountains is invaluable assets, this philosophy for green development is being implemented not only with conservation of natural resources and environment, but also with innovative technologies and management patterns.. The existing laws and regulations must be clarified to avoid enforcement conflict and formulate management regulations and fiscal policies that are conducive to sustainable development, replication of the technologies of wise use of mangroves, and construction of investment and financing platform for ecological construction.
(Written by Hangqing Fan, translated by Yunhong Xue)
Figure 1. Guangxi Special Research Meeting ” Supervision and Management of Mangrove Ecological Protection and Restoration ” hosted by Ministry of Ecological Environment